Food allergies are a serious problem but the most serious is a peanut allergy. Approximately 80% of all cases are seriously fatal, which could end in death or hospitalization. The United States alone has a rate of 1.5 million known peanut allergies and this rate is constantly climbing. Our First World friends are seeing the same trend in their country.
No one may know the exact cause of allergies, but there is a great understanding in the process that produces the reactions. No matter how understood of the circumstance, people should be considerate, respectful, and conscientious to those who suffer with a peanut allergy because it takes just one touch to stimulate a reaction that could put the sufferer in a coma.
A peanut allergy is a protective response just like any other food allergy. The body decides that proteins from the food, even from peanuts, pose a threat. This, in turn, produces an antibody called Immunoglobulin E or IgE, to fight the proteins next time they enter the system. Most times, it would take multiple interactions to develop the antibody. When someone eats peanuts or is exposed to their proteins, it triggers a creation of histamines that the body uses to fight the proteins, which in turn causes the allergic reaction.
A mild peanut allergy is considered a prejudiced allergy since the consumption of peanuts will have heartburn and intestinal issues. In the most severe cases of peanut allergy, the sufferer could develop an accelerated heart rate, skin rashes, hives, and difficulty breathing. In extreme cases anaphylaxis would occur, which would lead to a status of unconsciousness that could possibly lead to a coma.
Before the age of four, studies show that young children, exposed to peanut products, have a chance to develop peanut allergies than their parents are. In most known cases children grow out of peanut allergies, although a medical professional should determine this. A major risk factor is family history when determining allergies between parents and their children. Family history tells us that if a parent has an allergy normally so will the children.
If a sufferer suspects an allergy to peanuts than a medical professional, to confirm it, should conduct testing. The medical professional will do either a skin test or blood work. Blood test confirms that IgE is in the blood, and with skin testing, the professional inserts proteins under the skin causing a rash if there are allergies.
The growing problem of peanut allergies in First World countries has made doctors question how people can alter their immune system by eliminating diseases and maintaining clean environments. The deficiency of threats in the immune system could be leading the natural environment down a path of allergic reactions to normal, ordinary food. However, the substantial use of peanut products in foods may also be influencing the problem. There is no way to keep children away from peanut products because they are almost everywhere.
Estimated, by the World Health Organization, that unsafe food is responsible for approximately 1.8 million deaths and 2 billion illnesses annually. The food safety market has helped to increase regulations and significant pressure on pushing responsibility up the global supply chain.